Production of brown and black pigments by using flotation waste from copper slag

Ozel E., Turan S., Coruh S., Ergun O.

WASTE MANAGEMENT & RESEARCH, vol.24, no.2, pp.125-133, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0734242x06062690
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.125-133
  • Keywords: industrial waste, thermal treatment, colour, ceramic pigments, spinels, wmr 931-3, SOLID-SOLUTIONS, CRYSTALLIZATION, GLAZES
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: No


One of the major problems in copper-producing Countries is the treatment of the large amount of copper slag or copper flotation waste generated from copper slag which contains significant amounts of heavy metals Such as Cu, Zn, Pb and Co. Dumping or disposal Of such large quantities of flotation waste from copper slag causes environmental and space problems. In this Study, the treatment of flotation waste from copper slag by a thermal method and its use as an iron Source in the production of inorganic brown and black pigments that are used in the ceramic industry were investigated. The pigments were produced by calcining different amounts of flotation waste and chromite, Cr2O3, ZnO and CoO mixtures. The pigments obtained were added to transparent ceramic glazes and porcelainized tile bodies. Their colours were defined by L*a*b* Measurements with a spectrophotometer. The results showed that flotation waste from copper slag Could be used as an iron Source to produce brown and black pigments in both ceramic body and glazes.