Tribological performance of polymer composites used in electrical engineering applications

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Demir Z.

BULLETIN OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, vol.36, no.2, pp.341-344, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12034-013-0457-0
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.341-344
  • Keywords: Polysulphone, polyamide, polymer, composite, wear, friction, switch life, WEAR, FRICTION
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Sliding wear performance of 20% mica-filled polyamide 6 (PA6 + 20% mica) and 20% short glass fibre-reinforced polysulphone (PSU + 20 GFR) polymer composites used in electrical applications were investigated using a pin-on-disc wear test apparatus. Two different disc materials were used in this study. These are AISI 316 L stainless steel and 30% glass fibre-reinforced polyphenylenesulphide (PPS + 30%GFR) polymer composite. Wear test was carried out at 10, 20 and 30 N applied load values and 0 center dot 5 m/s sliding speed and at ambient temperature and humidity. Different combinations of rubbing surfaces were examined and friction coefficient and specific wear rate values were obtained and compared. For two material combinations used in this investigation, the coefficient of friction shows insignificant sensitivity to applied load values and large sensitivity to material combinations. For specific wear rate, PA6 + 20% mica composite has shown insensitivity to change in load, speed and materials combination while PSU + 20% glass fibre composite has shown high sensitivity to the change in load and material combinations. The friction coefficient of PA6 + 20% mica and PSU + 20 glass fibre rubbing against the AISI 4140 steel disc is between 0 center dot 35 and 0 center dot 40. In rubbing against PPS + 30% glass fibre their values were between 0 center dot 25 and 0 center dot 30. Specific wear rate for PA6 + 20% mica and PSU + 20% glass fibre composites are in the order of 10 (-aEuro parts per thousand 13) to 10 (-aEuro parts per thousand 14) m(2)/N. Finally, the wear mechanisms are a combination of adhesive and abrasive wear processes. In terms of application, especially in electrical systems, a substantial contribution was provided to extend switch life. Thus, besides robustness, this also ensured safety for the system and the users against undesirable situations.