The Role of Media Literacy in Online Information: Searching Strategies

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Tatar I., ŞAHİN Y. L., Doğan E.

DIGITAL EDUCATION REVIEW, no.41, pp.268-283, 2022 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1344/der.2022.41.268-283
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, EBSCO Education Source, ERIC (Education Resources Information Center), DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.268-283
  • Keywords: Media literacy, online information searching strategies, pre-service teachers, teacher education, 21st-century skills, WEB, STUDENTS, SEEKING, BEHAVIOR, BELIEFS, USER
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Along with the spread of Web 2.0 technologies, individuals' habits such as learning, socializing, and getting information have changed rapidly. A lot of information, the accuracy of which cannot be trusted, is available in the web, and it becomes difficult to choose useful, relevant, and accurate information. This pollution is also present in the media. The abilities to choose messages in the media, to look at these messages critically, and to produce your own messages are considered among the 21st-century skills. These reasons bring media literacy (ML) and online information searching strategies (OISS) to the agenda. The processes of ML and OISS have interrelated features. Therefore, it is important and necessary to examine these concepts together. Based on this necessity, the aim of the study was to determine the role of ML in OISS. To this end, the data were collected from 1809 pre-service teachers using the OISS inventory and the ML level determination scale. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, MANOVA, and multiple regression analysis. According to the results, pre-service teachers' ML and OISS levels were above the moderate level. ML and OISS vary significantly according to the type of websites. In conclusion, ML was revealed as a predictor variable that could explain OISS at a rate of 33.2%.