Investigation of Turkish poppy seeds and seed oils

Azcan N., Kalender B., Kara M.

CHEMISTRY OF NATURAL COMPOUNDS, vol.40, no.4, pp.370-372, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1023/b:conc.0000048250.81843.0a
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.370-372
  • Keywords: Papaver somniferum L., blue seed, yellow seed, white seed, fatty acid, heavy metals, nutritional elements, seed oil, protein
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: No


The oil yields. fatty acid compositions, and total protein contents of three varieties of Turkish poppy were investigated. Solvent extraction of yellow seed gave the highest oil yield (49.2%). while white seed (36.8%) and blue seed (33.6) showed considerably lower yields. Yellow seed was also subjected to mechanical extraction, Yielding 32.3% oil. Solvent extraction of the oilcake from the press gave 17.6% additional oil. Fatty acid compositions of the oils were determined by GC/MS and major components were found to be linoleic (56.4-69.2%), oleic (16.1-19.4%), and palmitic (10.6-16.3%) depending on the color of the seeds. The values of proximate analysis, nutritional elements and heavy metals content were also reported for the most widely cultivated yellow seed.