Analysis of the volatile constituents of five African and Mediterranean Hypericum L. (Clusiaceae, Hypericoideae) species

Crockett S. L., Demirci B., Baser K. H. C., Khan I. A.

JOURNAL OF ESSENTIAL OIL RESEARCH, vol.19, no.4, pp.302-306, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10412905.2007.9699287
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.302-306
  • Keywords: Hypericum aegypticum ssp aegypticum, Hypericum aegypticum ssp marrocanum, Hypericum balearicum, Hypericum delphicum, Hypericum roeperanum, St. Johns Wort, Clusiaceae, Hypericoideae, essential oil composition, beta-caryophyllene, caryophyllene oxide, gamma-curcumene, beta-eudesmol, ishwarane, alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, undecane, ESSENTIAL OIL, CHEMISTRY
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


The volatile constituents of five species of the medicinally and ornamentally valuable genus Hypericurn L. (St. John's Wort; Clusiaceae), with native distributions in Africa and the Mediterranean regions of Europe and Asia, were examined as part of our continuing research on the phytochemistry of Hypericum. The dried and ground aerial material of flowering plants was subjected to microdistillation to isolate volatile compounds, which were subsequently analyzed by GC/MS. The major constituent(s) of H. balearicum were (x-pinene (28.5%), beta-pinene (20.4%), and beta-eudesmol (11.2%); of H. delphicum were caryophyllene oxide (31.5%), beta-caryophyflene (18.2%), and undecane (17.5%); of H. roeperanum was gamma-curcumene (15.6%); of H. aegypticum ssp. aegypticum was ishwarane (14.4%); and of H. aegypticum ssp. marrocanum were caryophyllene oxide (29.2%) and beta-caryophyllene (15.1%). This paper represents the first report, to our knowledge, of volatile constituents for these species.