ACTA NEUROLOGICA BELGICA, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
Background and purpose Loss of automaticity and deteriorated executive function give rise to dual task deficits in Parkinson's disease (PD). This study aimed to compare single task and dual task upper and lower extremity skills in people with PD (PwPD) at different stages of PD and to examine the dual task effect (DTE) on upper and lower extremity skills in PwPD at different stages of PD. The second aim was to investigate the relationship between the DTE and the quality of life in PwPD. Methods 30 patients divided into 2 groups as mild PD group and moderate PD group according to the Modified Hoehn & Yahr Scale. 15 age matched healthy adults were recruited as the control group. The Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), the Purdue Pegboard Test (PPT), the Timed Up and Go Test (TUG), the 10 Meter Walk Test (10MWT), and the Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-8) were used for assessments. Results Single task and dual task scores of all assessments of all groups were significantly different. The DTE on PPT was greater in mild and moderate PD groups than control group and significantly lower in mild PD group than moderate PD group. However, DTE on the TUG and 10MWT was not different in mild PD group than control group and DTE significantly lower in both groups than moderate PD group. Significant correlations between the DTE on PPT, TUG and 10MWT and the PDQ-8 in PwPD were observed. Conclusion Dual task has a worsening effect on upper and lower extremity skills in PwPD. This effect can be observed earlier in upper extremity skills than lower extremity skills. Also, the DTE and the QoL in PwPD are related.