FOLKLOR/EDEBIYAT-FOLKLORE/LITERATURE, vol.26, no.2, pp.249-264, 2020 (ESCI)
Birthday photographing is a modern tradition that attached to birthday ritual, and considered within the family photograph type. In this article, seven photos of birthday celebrations from first half of 1960s and 1990s that they are belong to same family' four children from two different generations, are examined. And problem is why birthday photos of different persons from different ages have similar frames. The photos are analyzed by Panofsky's iconographic and iconological methods. However, a perspective formed by the main questions and terms of anthropology is used while analyzing photographs. The owner of the photos is Mustafa Muhtar Kutlu, whose biography was recorded orally. Therefore, the meaning of the photographs, the personal experiences and authenticities hidden in the photographs are revealed through the biography of the owner of the photographs. In the article, it is claimed that practiced three patterns creates the similar frames. One of these patterns is schemata which uses portrait art and also folk art. The other two patterns are created by ritual and family image that these are reasons of the taking the photographs. Although these three patterns make the photos understandable at first glance, they are not the only factor that determines their value. The creativity of the eye that shoot the photographs and a bit of luck are elements that make the photos aesthetically unique. Semantic value is related to both the ethnographic characteristics of the images reflected by the photographs and the memories that the owners fit them.