Effect of Temperature and Time on the Steam Pretreatment of Hazelnut Shells for the Enzymatic Saccharification


International Conference on BioMass (iconBM 2014), Florence, Italy, 4 - 07 May 2014, vol.37, pp.379-384 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 37
  • Doi Number: 10.3303/cet1437064
  • City: Florence
  • Country: Italy
  • Page Numbers: pp.379-384
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Saturated steam pretreatment of hazelnut shells was studied for fermentable sugars after enzymatic hydrolysis. The elevation of temperature (from 160 to 200 degrees C) and time (0-30 min) of steam pretreatment were investigated. Hemicellulose removal (%) gradually increased with increasing pretreatment temperature and time. 83 % of initial hemicellulose was removed when the biomass was treated at 200 degrees C for 30 min. Maximum cellulose digestibility (46%) was obtained at the conditions of 180 degrees C for 30 min (46 %). Glucose recovery ranged from 337 to 456 mg/g initial solid.